CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume: 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-29

Congenital Toxoplasmosis: An Incidental Finding

Department of Paediatrics, Bayero University Kano/ Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452, Kano- Nigeria.

Correspondence Address:
Corresponding Author Email: fusman.pae@buk.edu.ng Phone: +234 (0) 8037878923

Source of Support: none , Conflict of Interest: none

DOI: Rights and Permissions

Congenital toxoplasmosis occurs through trans-placental transmission and features may not be apparent until later in life. If untreated, it can lead to significant disabilities such as mental retardation, blindness, deafness, epilepsy and death.

We report a case of congenital toxoplasmosis to raise awareness of the often-forgotten challenges associated with the management of congenital infections.

A late preterm neonate conceived via in-vitro fertilization was delivered with microcephaly. The mother had a positive history of contact with cats and cat’s litter. No toxoplasma screening was done during antenatal care. Physical examination findings revealed microcephaly (OFC = 29cm) only. Laboratory results were normal except for T. gondii immunoglobulin G and M seropositivity in the baby and the mother. The baby was placed on Pyrimethamine.

Perinatal care should focus on health education and increased vigilance for these congenital infections so as to aid in prevention, early detection and management.

Key-words: Congenital toxoplasmosis, Congenital infection, Cats.

Key Messages:

Congenital toxoplasmosis is an avertible infection which can have long-term devastating consequences and can also lead to death. Perinatal care should focus on health education, with mandatory efforts targeted towards making diagnostic tests and treatment options available to limit preventable morbidity and mortality.

 

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